Common Nepali words

Nepali to English Translation

Nepali Translation: Common Nepali Words
Nepali Translation. English Translation
Basic Greetings and chitchat
Namaste Hello, Greetings, I bless the divine in you
Namaskar The more respectful version of Namaste
Hajur All purpose term meaning yes? Pardon, Excuse me?
Pani Water
Yo ke ho? What is this?
Dhanyabaad Thank you
Hoina No
(Tapaiilai) Kasto Cha? How are you?
(Malai) Thik Cha I am fine
ma birami chu I’m Sick
Khana khannu bhaiyo? Have you eaten? (used often as informal greeting)
Ho Yes
Tapaiiko naam ke ho? What is your name?
Mero naam John Major ho My name is John Major
Maaph garnuhos Excuse me/ pardon me/ sorry
Maile bhujhina I don’t understand
Maile bhujhe I understand
Pheri bhetaunla I hope we meet again
Addressing People / things
John Major-ji Formal way to address someone using their name
Aama / Buwa Mother / Father, but also friendly term men/women roughly in your parents generation
Didi / Bahini Older / Younger sister, but also friendly term used to refer to other women roughly in your generation
Dhai / Bhai Older / Younger brother, same as above
Nanu / Babu Young girl / boy child
Ma / Hami I / We
Tapaii You
Yo / Tyo This / That
Verb bases (infinitive form) & Verb Conjugation
Janu To go Bolnu To speak
Aunu To come Roknu To stop
Basnu To sit Hidnu To walk
Khannu To eat Khelnu To play
Rakhnu To put Sutnu To sleep
Garnu To do Hernu To see
Dinu To give Pewnu To drink
Linu To take Oothnu rise/wake up
Kinnu To buy
Note: the order of sentences is reversed in Nepali. The conjugated verb is always last. To politely ask someone to do something, add a ‘s’ to the verb base.
Ex. Aunus / Basnus / Khannus - Please come / Please eat
Add ‘na’ at the beginning to make it negative Ex. Chinni narakhnus – Please don’t put sugar in (ex. the tea)
For first person action, drop the ‘u’ and add ‘choo’ and add ma ( I ) at the beginning
Ex. Ma janchoo/ aunchoo/ baschoo - I am going / coming / sitting. It can also be understood for future action. I will go / come / sit.
For respectful past tense but not first person (I) just add bhaiyo to the verb base Ex. aunu bhaiyo / khannu bhaiyo – came / ate
For informal way of asking someone if they want to do something, drop ‘u’ and add ‘e’ ex. momo khanne? / Thamel jane? – Want to eat momos? / Want to go to Thamel?
Informal way of asking someone to join you in doing something, drop ‘nu’ and add ‘am’ Ex. Jaam / Basaam / Khaam – Let’s go / let’s sit / let’s eat
To combine two verbs, drop ‘u’ & add ‘a’ to first, and drop ‘u’ & add ‘chu to second. Ex. Ma auna sakchu – I can come
Useful Adjectives
Mahango / Sasto Expensive / Cheap
Ramro / Naramro Good / Bad
Sapha / Phohar Clean / Dirty
Thulo / Sano Big / Small
Sajilo / Gahro Easy / Hard
Thada / Najik Far / Close
Chito / Dhilo Fast / Slow
Tato / Cheeso Hot / Cold (for food)
Garmi / Jaado Hot / Cold (for weather)
Naya / Purano New / Old
Dhani / Garib Rich / Poor
Add ‘dherai’ to show ‘very’
Ex. Trekking dherai gahro cha Trekking is very hard
Question Words
Ke What
Kahaang Where
Kati How much
Kina / kinabhane Why / because
Kasko Whose
Kahile When
Kun Which
Kasari How
Kasto How (of quality)
Food adjectives
Mitho / namitho Tasty / Not tasty
Bhuteko Fried
Umaaleko Boiled
Noonilo Salty
Gooliyo Sweet
Amilo Sour
Tito Bitter
Piro Spicy
Food Items
Tarkari / Vegetables Gajur / Carrots
Kaulee / Cauliflower Alu / Potato
Bandakobi / Cabbage Saag / Spinach
Makai / Corn Kerau / Peas
Parsi / Pumpkin Pyaaj / Onion
Lasun / Garlic Simee / Beans
Kaankro / Cucumber Adhuwa / Ginger
Coursani / Chili Bhatamas / Soybean
Golbheraa / Tomato Dhal / Lentil
Bhadam / Peanut Kaju / Cashew
Moha / Honey Bhat / Rice
Dudh / Milk Daihee / Yogurt
Pauroti / Bread (Loaf) Chapati / Bread (flat round)
Tel / Oil Noon / Salt
Chinni / Sugar Syaau / Apple
Keraa / Banana Nariwal / Coconut
Angur / Grapes Kagati / Lemon
Aanp / Mango Suntalaa / Orange
Mewaa / Papaya Masu / Meat
Andaa / Egg Macha / Fish
Kukhura / Chicken Kasi / Goat
Sungur / Pork Kalo chiya / Black tea
Kagatiko chiya / Lemon tea Dudh chiya / Milk tea
Adhuwa chiya / Ginger tea Kalo coffee / Black coffee
Dudh chiya / Milk tea Pani / water
Umaleko pani / Boiled water Raksi / Alcohol
Toomba / Millet beer Chyang / Rice beer
Ras / Juice
Useful nouns
Bato / Road Pul / Bridge
Des / Country Gau / Village
Bajar / Market Khola / River
Kotha / Room Pasal / Shop
Khanna / Food Ghar / House
Mithai / Sweets Koseli / Gift
Topee / Hat Jhola / Bag, pack
Git / Song Kitaab / Book
Manche / Person Mancheharu / People
Chorachori / Children Bideshi / Foreigner
Pariwar / Family Dharma / Religion
Numbers
1 / ek 6 / cha
15 / pandhra 50 / pachaase
2 / dui 7 / saat
20 / beece 60 / sathi
3 / tin 8 / aath
25 / pacheece 70 / sattari
4 / char 9 / nau
30 / teece 80 / assi
5 / panchs 10 / das
40 / chaleece 90 / nabbe
100 / ek saye 200 / dui saye
1000 ek hazar
Expressions of Time
Aaja / Today Bholi / Tomorrow
Hijo / Yesterday Ghanta / Hour
Din / Day Haptaa / Week
Mahina / Month Barsa / Year
Bihaana / Morning Diunso / Afternoon
Beluka / Evening Raatri / Night
Subha raatri Good night
Kati bhajyo? What time is it?
Ek bhajyo One o’ clock
Possession
Add ‘ko’ to a formal name, pronoun to show possessionTapaiiko / John-ko / Didi-ko – Your / John’s / Didi’s (older sister’s)Some pronouns have special formsMa – Mero / Hami – Hamro – I – mine / We – Ours
Prepositions
______maa / At, in, on ex. Kathmandumaa / in Kathmandu
______baata / From ex. Kathmandubaata / from Kathmandu
______sanga / With ex. John Majorsanga / with John Major
Baahira / Bhitra Outside / Inside
pachhi After
Conjunctions
ra / and ani / and then
kinabhane / because tara / but
Idiomatic use of Bhaiyo
If someone asks is something was done, to indicate it was,simply answer ‘bhaiyo’
If someone is serving you food, to indicate enough, answer ‘bhaiyo’
Ke bhaiyo What happened?
Abera bhaiyo It’s late
Different ways to say Yes / No
Cha / Chainna Ho / Hoina
To Locate something on you, to have something
ex. Chiya Cha?
To state facts, truths, to define, to be or not to be ex. Yo Thamel ho?
Is this Thamel (tourist area of Kathmandu)?
Huncha / Hunna To agree to do/not do something, some action
ex. Momo khanne? Huncha. Shall we eat momos (dumplings)? Yes, let’s eat.
Cha / Chaiina & Ho / Hoina are also the active verb form for ‘to be’ conjugated as ‘I am / You are / He is.You can add ‘ho’ or ‘cha’ to make simple sentences.
Simple sample sentences
Thamel, kahaang ho? Where is Thamel?
Kahaang jane? Where are you going?
Esko kati parcha? How much does this cost? (useful in stores)
Kati ho? How much? (useful for asking taxi drivers)
Kahile jane? / kahile khanne? When are we going? When are we eating?
Tapaiiko ghar kahaang ho? Where is your home?
Mero ghar America-ma ho My home is in America
Ma ali-ali Nepali bolchu I only speak a little Nepali
Bistaari bhannus Please speak slowly
Tapaiiko bihe bhaiyo? Are you married? (your marriage happened?)
Mero bihe bhaiyo / bhayeko chaina? I am married / not married.(My marriage happened)
Ma American hun I am American
Jomsom jane baato kun ho? Which is the road to Jomsom? (Jomsom going road)
Ali sastoma dinus Please give it a little cheaper
Dherai mahango bhaiyo It’s very (too) expensive
Yo / tyo ke ho? What is this / that?
Ek raatiko kati ho? How much for one night?
Feelings and Emotions
Ma ______ lagyo / lagena. I feel / don’t feel ______.
Birami / sick Bhok / hungry
Raksi / drunk Thirkaa / thirsty
Khushee / happy Dukha / sad
Thakai / tired Dar / scared
Alchee / lazy Jaado / cold
Nindra / sleepy Garmi / hot
Other simple sentences
Tapaiilai ______ man parcha? Do you like ______?
Malai ______ man parcha. I like ______.
ex. Malai Nepali khanna man parcha. I like Nepali food.
To express that you like to do something, use a verb, drop the ‘u’ and add ‘a’
ex. Malai aath ghanta sutna man parcha. I like to sleep eight hours.
To express that you can do something, use a verb, drop the ‘u’ add ‘a’ and sakchu
Ex. Ma kotha herna sakchu. Can I see a room.
Malai ______ chahincha. I need ______ .
Malai ______ chahindaina I don’t need ______
Greetings
Hi! Namaste
Good morning! Suva Pravath
Good afternoon! Suva din
Good evening! Suva sandhya
Welcome! (to greet someone) Swagat Cha
Hello my friend! Namaste maro sathi
How are you? (friendly) Tapailai Kasto Cha?
How are you? (polite) Hajur Kasto Hunu Huncha?
I’m fine, thank you! Malai Sanchai cha, dhanyabad
And you? (friendly) Ani Tapailai?
And you? (polite) Ani Hajurlai?
Good Ramro
Not so good Tati ramro chaina
Long time no see Dharai vayo Bhet navayako
I missed you Maile Tapailai samje
What’s new? K cha Khabar?
Nothing new Naya kahai chaina
Thank you (very much)! Dharai Dhanyabad
You’re welcome! (for “thank you”) Tapai Lai Swagat Cha
My pleasure Huss
Come in! (or: enter!) Vitra aunu Huss
Make yourself at home! Ghar Jastai Thannu Hola
Farewell Expressions
Have a nice day! Tapaik Ko Din Suva Rahosh
Good night! Suva Ratri
See you later! Suva Ratri ani mitho sapna dekhu hola!
See you soon! Chadai vetaula
See you tomorrow! Voli Vetaula
Good bye! Bidha Pau
Have a good trip! Suva Yatra!
I have to go Maro Janu Cha
I will be right back! Ma turuntai farkanchu
Holidays and Wishes
Good luck! Suva Laav
Happy birthday! Janma Diwash Ko suvakamana cha!
Happy new year! Naya Barsha ko suvakamana cha!
Merry Christmas! Suva Yasu Jayanti
Happy Dasara Dasara & Dipawali
Happy Suva Suva
Congratulations! Badhai
Enjoy! (or: bon appetit) Masti garna!
Bless you (when sneezing) Suva Ashirbad
Best wishes! Suvakamana
Cheers! (or: to your health) Harsha lash
Accept my best wishes mari ashirbad lay swikarnu huss
How to Introduce Yourself
What’s your name? Tapai ko Nam K ho?
My name is (John Doe) Maro Nam John ho
Nice to meet you! Tapai lai vetera khusi lagyo
Where are you from? Tapai Kaha Bata hunu huncha?
I’m from (the U.S/ Nepal) Ma USA Bata ho
I’m (American/ Nepali) Ma american nepali hu
Where do you live? Tapai kaha basnu huncha?
I live in (the U.S/ Nepal) Ma US /Nepal ma baschu
Do you like it here? K tapailai yaha maan parcha?
Nepal is a beautiful country Nepal ati sundar desh ho
What do you do for a living? Tapai bachna ko lagi k garnu huncha?
I’m a (teacher/ student/ engineer) Ma sikchyak/bidyarthi/engineer hu
Do you speak (English/ Nepali)? K tapai Nepali bolnu Huncha?
Just a little Thorai matra
I like Nepali Malai Nepali Maan Parcha
I’m trying to learn Nepali Ma Nepali sikhay prayash gardai chu
It’s a hard language Yo auta ek dam kathin vasha ho
It’s an easy language Yo auta saral vasha ho
Oh! That’s good! Ho, you dharai ramro ho!
Can I practice with you? K ma tapai sanga sikna sakchu?
I will try my best to learn Ma maro xyamata lay vya samma prayash garnay koshis garchu
How old are you? Tapai ko umar kati ho?
I’m (twenty one, thirty two) years old Ma ekaish, baish barsha ko hu.
It was nice talking to you! Tapaisanga guff garera khusi lagyo
It was nice meeting you! Tapai sanga vetera khusi lagyo
Mr…/ Mrs. …/ Miss… Shriman../Shrimati…./su Shri
This is my wife Yini mari shrimati hun
This is my husband uhawa mara pati hunuhuncha
Say hi to Thomas for me Tomas lai maile samjeko cha vandinu hola
Romance and Love Phrases
Are you free tomorrow evening? K tapai voli beluka fursad hunu huncha?
I would like to invite you to dinner Ma tapailai ratri vooj ma nimantrana gardachu
You look beautiful! (to a woman) Tapai ati sundar dekhuinu huncha
You have a beautiful name Tapaiko nam ati sundar cha
Can you tell me more about you? K tapai afnu bare ma kahai vanna saknu huncha?
Are you married? K tapai biwahit hunu huncha?
I’m single Ma abiwahit hun
I’m married Ma Biwahuit hun
Can I have your phone number? k tapai malai anfo samparka number dina saknu huncha?
Can I have your email? K tapai malai afnu email dina saknu huncha?
Do you have any pictures of you? K tapaika kunai tashir chan?
Do you have children? K tapapaika bal bachha chan?
Would you like to go for a walk? K tapai hidna chanu huncha?
I like you Tapai malai ramro lagyo
I love you Ma tapailai maya garchu
You’re very special! Tapai maro bisistha byakti hunu huncha
You’re very kind! Tapai sarai dayalu hunu huncha
I’m very happy Ma sarahai nai khushi chu
Would you marry me? K tapai ma sanga biwaha garnu huncha?
I’m just kidding Maile tatikai rela garako hu
I’m serious Ma gambhir chu
My heart speaks the language of love maro hridaya lay prem ko bhasha boldai cha
Solving a Misunderstanding
Sorry! (or: I beg your pardon!) Ma Xyama prarthi chu
Sorry (for a mistake) Galti ko lagi maaf pau
No problem! Thikai cha
Can you repeat please? K tapai fari vanna saknu huncha?
Can you speak slowly? K tapai alik bistaro bolna saknu huncha?
Can you write it down? K tapai yaslai lekhna sakhu huncha?
Did you understand what I said? K tapailay maile vaneko bujhnu vayo?
I don’t understand! Maile Bujena
I don’t know! Ma jandina
What’s that called in Nepali? Tashlai Nepali ma k vanincha?
What does that word mean in English? Tyo sabda lai angragi ma k vancha?
How do you say “thanks” in Nepali? Nepali ma dhanyabad kasari vannu huncha?
What is this? Yo k ho?
My Nepali is bad Maro Nepali asudha cha
Don’t worry! Chinta nagarnu huss
I agree with you Ma tapai sanga sahamat chu
Is that right? k tyo sahi ho?
Is that wrong? K tyo bathik ho?
What should I say? Ma k vannu?
I just need to practice Ma kewal prayash garna chanchu
Your Nepali is good Tapaiko Nepali ramro cha
I have an accent Maro bachaan alag cha
You don’t have an accent Maro bachan tapaiko jastai cha
Asking for Directions
Excuse me! (before asking someone) Xyama pau
I’m lost Ma haraye
Can you help me? K tapai malai sahayog garnu huncha?
Can I help you? K ma tapailai sahayog garna sakchu?
I’m not from here Ma yaha bata haina
How can I get to (this place, this city)? Ma tyo thau/sahar ma kasari pugna sakchu?
Go straight Sidhau janu hosh
Then tya dekhi
Turn left Daya modnu huss
Turn right ani baya modnu huss
Can you show me? K tapai malai dekhauna saknu huncha?
I can show you! Ma tpailai dekhauna sakchu!
Come with me! Ma sanga aunu huss!
How long does it take to get there? Tyaha pugha kati lagla?
Downtown (city center) Bajar
Historic center (old city) Aithi Hasik sthal
It’s near here tyo yaha nagikai cha
It’s far from here tyo yaha dekhi tada cha
Is it within walking distance? Kma tya hidna sakchu?
I’m looking for Mr. Smith Ma Mr. Smith lai khojdai chu
One moment please! Kripaya ek xyar
Hold on please! (when on the phone) Parkhanu hola
He is not here Uha yaha hunu hunna
Airport Biman Sthal
Bus station Bus station
Train station Rail station
Taxi Taxi
Near Najik
Far Tadha
Emergency Survival Phrases
Help! Ggwar!
Stop! Roka!
Fire! Aago!
Thief! Chor!
Run! Bhagnu hosh!
Watch out! (or: be alert!) Sawadhan!
Call the police! Prahari lai bolaunu huss!
Call a doctor! Doctor lai bolaunu huss!
Call the ambulance! Ambulence bolaunu huss!
Are you okay? K tapai thikai hunu huncha?
I feel sick Malai sancho chaina jasto lagcha
I need a doctor Malai doctor chayio
Accident Dur Ghatna
Food poisoning Khadya Bis
Where is the closest pharmacy? yaha ko nagikai ko pharmacy kaha cha?
It hurts here Taslai mero chitta dukhaucha
It’s urgent! tyo jarur cha
Calm down! Santa hunu huss!
You will be okay! tapai thik hunu huncha
Can you help me? K tapai malai sahayog garna saknu huncha?
Can I help you? K ma tapailai sahayog garna saknu huncha?
Hotel Restaurant Travel Phrases
I have a reservation (for a room) Maro kotha surakchit cha
Do you have rooms available? K tapai sanga kunau kotha upalabda cha?
With shower / With bathroom nuhaunay kotha
I would like a non-smoking room Malai dhumrapaan rahit kotha maan parcha
What is the charge per night? Prati raat ko sulka kati hola?
I’m here on business /on vacation Ma yaha byapar ko silsila ma chu
Dirty Fohori
Clean Safa
Do you accept credit cards? K tapai credit card linu huncha?
I’d like to rent a car Ma car vadama lina chanchu
How much will it cost? Taslai kato parcha?
A table for (one / two) please! Kripaya auta taple !
Is this seat taken? K yo thau kasaiko ho?
I’m vegetarian Ma sahakari hu
I don’t eat pork Ma sugur ko mashu khadina
I don’t drink alcohol Ma raksi khadina
What’s the name of this dish? yo khana ko nam k ho?
Waiter / waitress! Bhanse
Can we have the check please? k hamilai check upalabda cha hola?
It is very delicious! Yo ati misthanna cha
I don’t like it Malai tyo maan parena
Shopping Expressions
How much is this? Yaslai kati parcha?
I’m just looking Ma tatikai hardai chu
I don’t have change Ma sanga khudra chaina
This is too expensive Yo ati mahanco cha
Expensive Mahango
Cheap Sasto
Daily Expressions
What time is it? Aile kati samaya vayo?
It’s 3 o’clock Aile 3 baje vayo
Give me this! Yo malai dinu hosh!
Are you sure? K tapai nischit hunu huncha?
Take this! (when giving something) yo linu huss
It’s freezing (weather) Saharai chiso cha
It’s cold (weather) Saro jado cha
It’s hot (weather) saro garam cha
Do you like it? K tapailai maan paryo?
I really like it! Malai sarahai maan parcha
I’m hungry Ma bhokako chu
I’m thirsty Ma tirkako chu
He is funny yo hasyaspad cha
In The Morning bihanai
In the evening baluka
At Night rati
Hurry up! Chitto garnu huss!
Cuss Words (polite)
This is nonsense! (or: this is craziness) yo saan bakwash ho
My God! (to show amazement) Hey Prabhu
Oh gosh! (when making a mistake) hey ishwar
It sucks! (or: this is not good) Anista vo
What’s wrong with you? Tapailai k vayako cha?
Are you crazy? K tapai thikai hunu huncha?
Get lost! (or: go away!) Yaha bata haat!
Leave me alone! Malai eklai chodnu huss
I’m not interested! Malai kunai chasho chaina
Writing a Letter
Dear John Pryia John
My trip was very nice Maro yatra ramro vayo
The culture and people were very interesting tyaha ko sanskrati ra manche atyantai rochak rayachan
I had a good time with you Maro timi sanga ramro samaya vayo
I would love to visit your country again Ma fari pani tapaiko desh ko bhraman garna maan parauchu
Don’t forget to write me back from time to time Malai samaya samaya ma pratrachar garna navulnu hola
Short Expressions and words
Good Ramro
Bad Naramro
So-so (or: not bad not good) Tastai ho
Big Thulo
Small Sano
Today Aaja
Now Aile
Tomorrow Voli
Yesterday Hizo
Yes Huncha/Ho
No Hudaina/Haina
Fast Chitto
Slow Sustha/dhilo
Hot Tato
Cold Chiso
This yo
That tyo
Here yaha
There tyaha
Me (ie. Who did this? – Me) maile
You tapai/ta
Him uha
Her uha
Us hami
Them uha haru/tini haru
Really? Haina hol/Hora?
Look! Harhu huss!
What? K?
Where? Kaha?
Who? Ko?
How? Kasari?
When? Kaile?
Why? Kina?
Zero Sunya
One ek
Two dui
Three tin
Four char
Five pach
Six chha
Seven sath
Eight aath
Nine nau
Ten dash

Phrases


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